The first truth that all living things are the creations of one Creator it came to be discovered that animals and birds perform their body functions through instinct and reflex action. They have limited memory component designed for their body type. When they feel hungry they search for food, when threatened, they protect themselves, and communicate within their own species. The environment induces them to sleep, reproduce, and rear their off springs. They also have passions like hunger, greed, jealousy, sex, anger, fear and affection. They are driven into action by instincts to satisfy their passions and have no control over them. So much so that environment controls their reproduction, as they cannot be bred off-season. They are selective for themselves to a limited extent but cannot distinguish between good and bad for others.
Both Jada and Chaitanya are parts of ecology. Someone seems to have created them with pre-assigned roles to maintain the ecological balance. Their activities are regulated by someone through their Prakriti – instinct or nature, as we may express now. This instinct works like a software chip to motivate living things perform their assigned roles. Lion keeps check on the population in forest and big fish control smaller fish in oceans. Snakes limit rodents and in turn are food for eagles. Earthworms soften surrounding soil to let plants take nourishment and grow.
Some species perform their assigned duty by day, while others by night for which they are equipped since birth by Nature. They are self-regulated and no one calls them to duty. A scorpion, snake or lion is bound to kill the prey even if the prey had saved their life. If species did not perform their assigned roles they would become useless, although they are not aware of the value of their roles. They do not have any choice either. Their Prakirti is their inbuilt charter of duty.
Life- Supporting systems
The working of entire Universe is system based. The systems are reciprocal and work in cyclic order with auto regulation. Their timings are synchronized to minutest perfection. Sun has been rising every day from East and has never set in other direction than in the West. All planets have confined their movements within their allotted orbit and speed. Oceans stock reserve supply of water on Earth. To keep the water fresh, it is regularly being percolated twice a day by tides caused by the gravitational pull of the moon. Every year earth travels nearer to Sun to get more heat to cause water to turn into vapor shedding its salty substance. Millions of tons of water are transported in the form of clouds, thousands of miles away from the sea, re-converted into water in the form of rain, to provide fresh drinking water for all species. The surplus water is channeled back to the sea for storage through rivers. One would be left to wonder how efficiently such tasks could be performed if contracted out to most efficient establishments of today!
The Sun lights up the entire globe for all of us to perform our functions, provides necessary heat for lives to sustain, crops to ripe, and causes snow to melt to replenish daily supply of drinking water. At night there is moon to cause tides, and to provide softer light for those on duty to work, while others sleep undisturbed. Wind cools temperature when it gets hot due to the activity of Sun. Wind also helps plants to exercise their body and shed leaves to make room for new ones to grow. There are many other systems that have been working at their optimum level for millions of years. Whenever a system goes out of tune disturbances are caused. The systems do get overhauled to resume work automatically.
The Creator of Systems
We know there were no houses and villages. Early men lived in forests, and there were no schools and hospitals but the Early Men were always inquisitive about the working of systems around them. Surely there had to be one at central source of authority to have created such well-coordinated systems, they thought! With passage of time arbitrarily the Early Men or Aadi Manav alias Vanvasies named this mysterious central source of power in abstract form to be called ‘God’. Earth, Water, Fire, Wind, Sun and certain other elements closely associated to these systems were also thought to be helping the ‘God’ in running the Universe. Today this knowledge is called Physics.
As this Central power creating and regulating the systems is present everywhere, at every time the Vanvasies characterized this power to be omnipresent, omniscience and omnipotent. No one has seen ‘Him’, but everyone has realized ‘His’ existence. Overwhelmed by His benevolent magnanimity, gift of life and life sustaining systems humans feel humble and grateful to Him and have been trying to locate His whereabouts from times immemorial.
Origin of Universal Religion
Of all living beings the Adi Manav, the early men known as VANVASI living in forests were the first to think about ‘God’ and started searching Him. Their collective efforts came to be known as Adi Dharma or more popularly called Sanatan Dharma.
While living in forests, early men saw the rising of the Sun, Moon, stars, thunder, lightening, large and small animals, rivers, oceans, mountains, disease, and death. They wondered. Some of them thought of solving those mysteries around their environment, by their individual perceptions, thinking, knowledge and discussions with other fellow beings and most often using their imagination they created mythical stories.
Thus starting from India, in every part of the world, mythology came into existence. Subsequently artists made beautiful pictures to translate myths into visuals. The scientific properties of natural phenomena observed came to be bodily represented. Scientific knowledge was humanized in form for easy understanding. Thus supernatural persons came to possess more hands than ordinary persons, as they were believed to possess more knowledge and power and formed part of mythology. Various elements of Nature got personified as deities.
This way the Religion that emerged through the search of Adi Manav is known today as Adi Dharma or Sanatan Dharma or Hindu Dharma. Other religions of the world originated later and had many similarities with Sanatan Dharma. Europeans called them Paganism; Islamists branded those Kufar, but neither of them could offer better explanation than Sanatan Dharma had already given. In nut-shell Sanatan Dharma evolved around the concept of living in harmony with elements of Nature, Animals, and Birds.
It is ironical that today Christians, Muslims, and some self styled Dalit Hindu politicians mislead Vanvasies to declare them-selves non-Hindus and convert to their faith simply to damage Hindu unity!
Only Sanatan Dharma propounded the idea of Vasudeva Kutumabkum implying whole world to be one family while others advocated destruction of faiths not coinciding with theirs. Adi Dharma, Sanatan Dharma or Hinduism emerged as the religion of mankind with its universal application to live in harmony with Nature and see one-ness with every thing.
Chand K Sharma
(To follow: Splashes – 3/72-Relationships, Societies and Obligations)