India was a land of plenty; therefore its inhabitants remained stuck to the land of their origin. The geography of the country then known as Jambu-Dweepa protected the inhabitants from intruders. Thus the spread and development of India’s civilization, culture and religion was smooth and peaceful. Santana Dharma had already established deep roots in the soil of India before upheavals started. The name of the land underwent changes like Aryavrata, Bharat-Khanda, Bharat, and Hindustan till the same got translated as India.
Evidence of Geographical Ownership
Those who shared same ancestors, religious beliefs, social customs, they established their racial identities, claimed the area under their control, and called it their own country. Identity of population remained based on racial or religious diversities. After intruding new areas invaders used to replace the customs and traditions that existed before, while refugees surrendered to the will of the new masters.
No such intrusions took place in India. The Vishnu Purana scripture of Santana Dharma narrates the boundary of India and identity of its inhabitants clearly in the following verse: –
उतरं यत् समुद्रस्य हिमेद्रश्चैव दक्षिण्म,
वर्ष तद् भारतं नाम भारती यत्र संतति
(In simple words it implied that the area bounded by Himalayas in the North and surrounded by the Sea in the South is called Bharat and the residents therein are Bharatiya).
Thus there is no ambiguity whatsoever, that the well-defined land of Bharata was owned by those who had been living there and followed Santana Dharma.
Struggle between Civilizations
Outsiders that entered India subsequently, also merged themselves voluntarily within the fold and culture of Santana Dharma and lived harmoniously with the locals, till Muslims invaded to spread a new and contrasted culture in India.
In spite of that Muslims too continued to call this land as Hindustan implying the land of Hindus. Besides Hindus, Muslims fought with other Muslims in India to establish the supremacy of their race. Thus Khiljies replaced the rule of Slaves, Tughlaqs dethroned Lodhies, and Lodhies fought the Mughals and so on. Their fights were for more occupation, larger hold on the resources, and racial rivalry.
Despite their mutual rivalry, the common thread between Muslim chieftains was the commitment to their holy dictates to destroy Hinduism and spread Islam in lieu. All of them possessed India but did not accept the roots of original Indians. They continued behaving outsiders and conquerors. Their ancestral and cultural loyalties were always towards the land of Arabian Desert where Islam had originated. This continues to be the bone of contention between Hindus and Muslims till date.
Hoax of British Secularism
British indulged in colonization. They coined new terminology of Nationality and took more pride in their nationality as subjects of the King than Christianity or Anglo-Saxon race. To justify their hold over colonies, particularly in India, they advanced baseless and motivated theories of Aryan migration to authenticate subsequent migrations including theirs. Those were aimed to tell that India was no man’s land and everybody intruder had equal rights with original inhabitants. They did similar things everywhere they colonized. This nefarious proposition culminated in partition of India and is still at work to dislodge Hindus from their native land. They are misusing the doctrine of secularism to pass time till Hindus are out-numbered.
Determinants of Nationality
It is noteworthy that Political thinkers from West define a nation as a population having:
- Territory of geographical unity.
- Common language and literature,
- Common customs, and
- Common consciousness of right and wrong,
For the sake of argument, if we accept the above yardsticks. The following facts stand out :-
Territory of Geographical Unity
No country on the globe is as clearly demarcated by geographical features as India. This aspect is unambiguously recorded in ancient Hindu texts as well. Synopsis of Ramayana covered the area of Eastern India, Western India (Mathura) Nepal, Central India, Southern Plataea, Rameshwaram, and Lanka, while the area of activity in epic Mahabharata spreads from Western India to all the four corners of India from Himalayas to Assam and down South. All those who lived were Hindus including Ravana, who was a Brahmin, worshiped Trimurti and also performed yagyas. There is not a single event with reference to any of non-Hindu faiths that took place within the geographical limits of India.
Common Language and Literature
All Indian languages have their base in the unifying language Sanskrit. It is the common language of the Hindu Scriptures and ancient literature. Until 1100 AD Sanskrit was without interruption the official language of the whole of India. The wealth of Sanskrit literature of widely diverse genres includes everything that was known to mankind those days.
Sanskrit is not a dead language even today. There are at least a dozen periodicals published in Sanskrit, all-India radio news broadcasts in Sanskrit, television shows and feature-length movies produced in Sanskrit, one village of 3000 inhabitants who communicate through Sanskrit alone, not to mention countless smaller intellectual communities throughout India, schools, as well as families where Sanskrit is fostered.
The famous Gayatri Mantra and Maha Mrityunjay Mantra are on the lips of millions of Indians every morning. Sanskrit is not dead; Sanskrit is alive, expressive and effective as language for modern technology. In Hindu society all social rituals are performed with recitation of mantras in Sanskrit throughout India. Sanskrit binds all the Hindus together more than current National language Hindi could do. It is also the strongest link with our past. It is still having a strong potential to cope with the future technology dominant environment.
- It is customary to recall names of seven sacred Rivers Ganga, Yamuna, Sarasvati, Krishna, Kaveri, Godavari, Sindhu, Brahmputra, that flow all over India; through a Mantra that is recited during sacred family rituals of Hindus.
- Since centuries, Hindus have been taking pilgrimage to various pilgrim centers that are scattered all over India. Temple such as at Mathura, Ayodhaya, Puri, Somnath, Kamakshi, Indore, Ujjain, Meenakkshipuram, and Rameshwaram not only attract nearby pilgrims but are being visited since the period when rail communications did not exist. Pilgrimage of Amarnath, Jagannath, Kedar Nath, and Badrinath are cherished desires of all Hindus irrespective of his province.
- Somnath, Kailash, Mansarovar, Vaishno Devi, and Rameshwaram are regarded as life time mission for all Hindus. These places are located in most difficult areas, but Hindus undertake trekking under inhospitable weather conditions out of their faith and devotion.
- Despite hazardous distances and lack of facilities Hindus all over the length and breadth of the country flocked to take sacred bath during Kumbhaheld at Allahabad, Hardwar, Kashi, and Nashik. This voluntary activity was not a seasonal migration but prompted by the bonds of cultural unity.
- There are twelve Jyotirlingasthat are spread all over the country. This unified the common customs amongst Hindus. Devotees from far off places have been under taking long marches on foot to fetch water from Hardwar and to be taken to Kashi for bathing Lord Shiva on every Shivaratri. Nowhere in the world have similar common customs existed as can be viewed in India.
- Makra Sakranti, Shivaratri, Ramanavmi, Janamashtmi, Deepavaliand many more national festivals of Hindus are celebrated throughout India to project Hindus as one nation. Hindu festivals are related to climatic changes, events and personalities within India.
Common Consciousness of Right and Wrong
The areas of Common Customs and Common consciousness of right and wrong are not distinct, but overlap. All versions of Santana Dharma harmoniously co-exist. There is a free movement of individuals and no one persuaded others to convert. Hindus all over the world regard epical victory of Rama over Ravana as the victory of good over evil. Those who allege as Aryan victory over Dravidian culture should also reconcile to the fact that in Southern India no person accepted villainous names as Ravana, Kumbhakarana, and Mareecha.
Another aspect of remarkable Hindu unity is that all over India, Hindus cremate their dead and immerse the remains preferably at Hardwar by undertaking long journeys, or in some local river when that is impracticable. All Hindus believe in re-birth after death. To Hindus God can be identified with some icons as well as among Lords Shiva, Rama, Krishna, Gautama Buddha, Mahavira, and Guru Nanak. They are regarded as life models. Hindus did not indulge in the destruction of symbols of any other faith. They do not declare any holy war against non-believers either. Hindus treat whole world to be one family and they revere noble persons of other sects and faiths as saints.
Throughout India Hindus regard Tulsi, Peepal, Kadamb, Bunyan, and Beil as sacred plants. River Ganga in particular is regarded as a sacred river but all rivers are also respected. They associate Saffron color with wisdom, sagacity and spirituality. By and large Hindus practice monogamy and refrain from eating beef. Most pertinent aspect is that all Hindus are subjected to same civil code.
Non-Hindus in India
Muslims and Christians have their life models, pilgrim places, holy books and value systems that are often in conflict with Hinduism and have their origins beyond India. These elements draw inspiration from foreign ideologies, role models, and groups and want to retain a separate ethnic identity which is detrimental to the unity of our country.
Superficial clock of Nationality
It was totally wrong on the part of Nehru to declare MK Gandhi as father of the nation in twentieth century. MK Gandhi was neither a Mahatma nor religious leader, but merely a leader of Congress party whom the British preferred for negotiation in granting independence to India. He was not a martyr for Hindus. He neutralized Hindu freedom by making Muslims as their equal partners in truncated India to satisfy his ego that was larger than his size. Nehru played a politician amongst historians and distorted history to support his Gandhian ideology.
Life without Dharma is Adharma (immoral). The kind of one-sided secularism being pursued in India is absurd. Discipline is the core of life. In India while minorities still discipline their folks through personal Dharma, it is the Hindu Dharma that has been sacrificed under secularism. Hindu literature, customs and civilization have being relegated officially under the clause of remaining secular.
Many persons settled in India out of compulsion, convenience, or some other motive, but have no love for the customs, beliefs and culture of Indian soil. There cannot be more humiliating situation for Hindus than to feel apologetic while defending their own cultural traditions and beliefs in their homeland. There are many countries on the globe where governments are patronizing the religion of the land only. There is no reason why Hindus had to turn secular to appease those minorities who actually are ever willing to destroy Hinduism from its roots.
We are Hindus first and last while our nationalities may change during life. India belonged to Hindus and Hindus belong to India. They are a Nation according to the thinking of the west also. Our Hindu Nationality is as old and distinct as Himalayas.
Chand K Sharma
(Next: Splashes – 48/72 – The Art of Warfare)