About Hinduism and India

India was a land of plenty; therefore its inhabitants remained stuck to the land of their origin. The geography of the country then known as Jambu-Dweepa protected the inhabitants from intruders. Thus the spread and development of India’s civilization, culture and religion was smooth and peaceful. Santana Dharma had already established deep roots in the soil of India before upheavals started. The name of the land underwent changes like Aryavrata, Bharat-Khanda, Bharat, and Hindustan till the same got translated as India.

Evidence of Geographical Ownership

Those who shared same ancestors, religious beliefs, social customs, they established their racial identities, claimed the area under their control, and called it their own country. Identity of population remained based on racial or religious diversities. After intruding new areas invaders used to replace the customs and traditions that existed before, while refugees surrendered to the will of the new masters.

No such intrusions took place in India. The Vishnu Purana scripture of Santana Dharma narrates the boundary of India and identity of its inhabitants clearly in the following verse: –

उतरं यत् समुद्रस्य हिमेद्रश्चैव दक्षिण्म,

वर्ष तद् भारतं नाम भारती यत्र संतति

(In simple words it implied that the area bounded by Himalayas in the North and surrounded by the Sea in the South is called Bharat and the residents therein are Bharatiya).

Thus there is no ambiguity whatsoever, that the well-defined land of Bharata was owned by those who had been living there and followed Santana Dharma.

Struggle between Civilizations

Outsiders that entered India subsequently, also merged themselves voluntarily within the fold and culture of Santana Dharma and lived harmoniously with the locals, till Muslims invaded to spread a new and contrasted culture in India.

In spite of that Muslims too continued to call this land as Hindustan implying the land of Hindus. Besides Hindus, Muslims fought with other Muslims in India to establish the supremacy of their race.  Thus Khiljies replaced the rule of Slaves, Tughlaqs dethroned Lodhies, and Lodhies fought the Mughals and so on. Their fights were for more occupation, larger hold on the resources, and racial rivalry.

Despite their mutual rivalry, the common thread between Muslim chieftains was the commitment to their holy dictates to destroy Hinduism and spread Islam in lieu. All of them possessed India but did not accept the roots of original Indians. They continued behaving outsiders and conquerors. Their ancestral and cultural loyalties were always towards the land of Arabian Desert where Islam had originated. This continues to be the bone of contention between Hindus and Muslims till date.

Hoax of British Secularism

British indulged in colonization. They coined new terminology of Nationality and took more pride in their nationality as subjects of the King than Christianity or Anglo-Saxon race. To justify their hold over colonies, particularly in India, they advanced baseless and motivated theories of Aryan migration to authenticate subsequent migrations including theirs. Those were aimed to tell that India was no man’s land and everybody intruder had equal rights with original inhabitants. They did similar things everywhere they colonized. This nefarious proposition culminated in partition of India and is still at work to dislodge Hindus from their native land. They are misusing the doctrine of secularism to pass time till Hindus are out-numbered.

Determinants of Nationality 

It is noteworthy that Political thinkers from West define a nation as a population having:

  1. Territory of geographical unity.
  2. Common language and literature,
  3. Common customs, and
  4. Common consciousness of right and wrong,

For the sake of argument, if we accept the above yardsticks. The following facts stand out :-

Territory of Geographical Unity

No country on the globe is as clearly demarcated by geographical features as India. This aspect is unambiguously recorded in ancient Hindu texts as well. Synopsis of Ramayana covered the area of Eastern India, Western India (Mathura) Nepal, Central India, Southern Plataea, Rameshwaram, and Lanka, while the area of activity in  epic Mahabharata spreads from Western India to all the four corners of India from Himalayas to Assam and down South. All those who lived were Hindus including Ravana, who was a Brahmin, worshiped Trimurti and also performed yagyas. There is not a single event with reference to any of non-Hindu faiths that took place within the geographical limits of India.

Common Language and Literature

All Indian languages have their base in the unifying language Sanskrit. It is the common language of the Hindu Scriptures and ancient literature. Until 1100 AD Sanskrit was without interruption the official language of the whole of India. The wealth of Sanskrit literature of widely diverse genres includes everything that was known to mankind those days.

Sanskrit is not a dead language even today. There are at least a dozen periodicals published in Sanskrit, all-India radio news broadcasts in Sanskrit, television shows and feature-length movies produced in Sanskrit, one village of 3000 inhabitants who communicate through Sanskrit alone, not to mention countless smaller intellectual communities throughout India, schools, as well as families where Sanskrit is fostered.

The famous Gayatri Mantra and Maha Mrityunjay Mantra are on the lips of millions of Indians every morning. Sanskrit is not dead; Sanskrit is alive, expressive and effective as language for modern technology. In Hindu society all social rituals are performed with recitation of mantras in Sanskrit throughout India. Sanskrit binds all the Hindus together more than current National language Hindi could do. It is also the strongest link with our past. It is still having a strong potential to cope with the future technology dominant environment.

Common Customs

  • It is customary to recall names of seven sacred Rivers Ganga, Yamuna, Sarasvati, Krishna, Kaveri, Godavari, Sindhu, Brahmputra, that flow all over India;  through a Mantra that is recited during sacred family rituals of Hindus.
  • Since centuries, Hindus have been taking pilgrimage to various pilgrim centers that are scattered all over India. Temple such as at Mathura, Ayodhaya, Puri, Somnath, Kamakshi, Indore, Ujjain, Meenakkshipuram, and Rameshwaram not only attract nearby pilgrims but are being visited since the period when rail communications did not exist. Pilgrimage of Amarnath, Jagannath, Kedar Nath,  and Badrinath are cherished desires of all Hindus irrespective of his province.
  • Somnath, Kailash, Mansarovar, Vaishno Devi, and Rameshwaram are regarded as life time mission for all Hindus. These places are located in most difficult areas, but Hindus undertake trekking under inhospitable weather conditions out of their faith and devotion.
  • Despite hazardous distances and lack of facilities Hindus all over the length and breadth of the country flocked to take sacred bath during Kumbhaheld at Allahabad, Hardwar, Kashi, and Nashik. This voluntary activity was not a seasonal migration but prompted by the bonds of cultural unity.
  • There are twelve Jyotirlingasthat are spread all over the country. This unified the common customs amongst Hindus. Devotees from far off places have been under taking long marches on foot to fetch water from Hardwar and to be taken to Kashi for bathing Lord Shiva on every Shivaratri. Nowhere in the world have similar common customs existed as can be viewed in India.
  • Makra Sakranti, Shivaratri, Ramanavmi, Janamashtmi, Deepavaliand many more national festivals of Hindus are celebrated throughout India to project Hindus as one nation. Hindu festivals are related to climatic changes, events and personalities within India.

Common Consciousness of Right and Wrong

The areas of Common Customs and Common consciousness of right and wrong are not distinct, but overlap. All versions of Santana Dharma harmoniously co-exist. There is a free movement of individuals and no one persuaded others to convert. Hindus all over the world regard epical victory of Rama over Ravana as the victory of good over evil. Those who allege as Aryan victory over Dravidian culture should also reconcile to the fact that in Southern India no person accepted villainous names as Ravana, Kumbhakarana, and Mareecha.

Another aspect of remarkable Hindu unity is that all over India, Hindus cremate their dead and immerse the remains preferably at Hardwar by undertaking long journeys, or in some local river when that is impracticable. All Hindus believe in re-birth after death. To Hindus God can be identified with some icons as well as among Lords Shiva, Rama, Krishna, Gautama Buddha, Mahavira, and Guru Nanak. They are regarded as life models. Hindus did not indulge in the destruction of symbols of any other faith. They do not declare any holy war against non-believers either. Hindus treat whole world to be one family and they revere noble persons of other sects and faiths as saints.

Throughout India Hindus regard Tulsi, Peepal, Kadamb, Bunyan, and Beil as sacred plants. River Ganga in particular is regarded as a sacred river but all rivers are also respected. They associate Saffron color with wisdom, sagacity and spirituality. By and large Hindus practice monogamy and refrain from eating beef. Most pertinent aspect is that all Hindus are subjected to same civil code.

Non-Hindus in India

Muslims and Christians have their life models, pilgrim places, holy books and value systems that are often in conflict with Hinduism and have their origins beyond India. These elements draw inspiration from foreign ideologies, role models, and groups and want to retain a separate ethnic identity which is detrimental to the unity of our country.

Superficial clock of Nationality

It was totally wrong on the part of Nehru to declare MK Gandhi as father of the nation in twentieth century. MK Gandhi was neither a Mahatma nor religious leader, but merely a leader of Congress party whom the British preferred for negotiation in granting independence to India. He was not a martyr for Hindus. He neutralized Hindu freedom by making Muslims as their equal partners in truncated India to satisfy his ego that was larger than his size. Nehru played a politician amongst historians and distorted history to support his Gandhian ideology.

Life without Dharma is Adharma (immoral). The kind of one-sided secularism being pursued in India is absurd. Discipline is the core of life. In India while minorities still discipline their folks through personal Dharma, it is the Hindu Dharma that has been sacrificed under secularism. Hindu literature, customs and civilization have being relegated officially under the clause of remaining secular.

Many persons settled in India out of compulsion, convenience, or some other motive, but have no love for the customs, beliefs and culture of Indian soil. There cannot be more humiliating situation for Hindus than to feel apologetic while defending their own cultural traditions and beliefs in their homeland. There are many countries on the globe where governments are patronizing the religion of the land only. There is no reason why Hindus had to turn secular to appease those minorities who actually are ever willing to destroy Hinduism from its roots.

We are Hindus first and last while our nationalities may change during life. India belonged to Hindus and Hindus belong to India. They are a Nation according to the thinking of the west also. Our Hindu Nationality is as old and distinct as Himalayas.

Chand K Sharma

(Next: Splashes – 48/72 – The Art of Warfare)

Comments on: "Splashes– 47/72 – Hindus are a Nation" (8)

  1. You have made available one of the most amazing content of all time. so thanks for sharing. To be honest, I’ve learned a lot into this topic. However, none of what I’ve showed this much. For that, I’m eternally greatfu. Keep it up. I’ll tell with my friends and colleagues.

  2. A P Joshi said:

    This definition covers only north-south and does not specify the east west dimensions. I am told that there is another definition which defines it as Parasika (modern Iran?) to Assam
    Can you please investigate?

    regards

    Ashok Joshi

    • Chand K Sharma said:

      Dear Shri Ashok Joshi,

      The Shaloka ‘उतरं यत् समुद्रस्य हिमेद्रश्चैव दक्षिण्म, वर्ष तद् भारतं नाम भारती यत्र संतति’, from Vishnu Purana has clearly defined the boundary of Bharat, in relation to the area below Himalayas in the North and surrounded by the Sea in the South is called Bharat and the residents therein are Bharatiya. It implies that from the point Himalayan range starts in the West and extends Eastwards right up to Burma.

      Another boundary of India is given in Brahaspati Agam:-
      ‘हिमालयात् समारभ्य यावत् इन्दु सरोवरम्। तं देवनिर्मितं देशं हिन्दुस्थानं प्रचक्षते’॥

      It also implies that from Himalayas to Indu Sarovar, implying Indu Sagar, now referred as Hind Mahasagar is the heavenly created land of Hindusthana ( Hindu + Sthana, abode of Hindus).

      Although I understand that the entire West Asia was under the influence of Hinduism, but I have not come across any shaloka to authenticate present Iran as part of India. If you have any further reference, kindly share the same.

  3. Ashok Joshi said:

    Dear Sri Sharma

    Thank you for your prompt reply. I thought that you may be having it with you. I had read it somewhere but forgot to record it. So please be on the lookout for it

    Anyway it is widely considered that the North-South axis belongs to shiva and East-West to Shakti (from Hinglaja in Baluchistan to Kamakshi in Assam)

    Regards

    Ashok Joshi

  4. Satyanarayana Sastry said:

    Priya Bandhu Shri Chand K Sharma, pranams.
    Your quotation from one of our epics is apt definition of what we intend when using Hindustan. Hindu Rashtra is not restricted to any piece of a land in the post modern demographical picture.
    Another observation I read today is also meaningful: –
    Hindusthan which is renamed India recently is that land where most people are Hindus and all the people were Hindus.
    Krpaya let me know how you feel about this outspokenness of actuality.
    Bhavadeeya,
    Satyanarayana Sastry, Freelancer Sanskrit tutor from UK.

    • Chand K Sharma said:

      During the period under reference, only Sanatan Dharma existed all over the globe in various versions depending upon the geographical and social conditions in their local environment. Other religions of today were yet to be founded. At that time there was no concept of Nationality or Rashtra. People were identified by the name of region, their physical features, race like Aryans or with reference to their Leaders. However only Aadi Dharma, Sanatan Dharma or loosely called Paganism by the later English people was known.

      The main point here is that the land demarcated and enclosed by Himalayas in the North and Sea in South was known as Bharat and it was dominated by people today identified as Hindus.

  5. Dirgha Raj Prasai said:

    Respected Chand K. Sharma jee!
    I regard you as great researcher to preach the glorious Hindu civilization in the world. I have quoited your opinions in my articles also. I extend thanks- you have done a lot for the prestige of Hindus in all over the world. Hinduism and its culture and traditions have a long history spanning over a period of thousands and thousands of years and developed over several eras. It is understood that human civilization started to advance since the Vedic age. Hindu religion is the most personally expansive and psychologically empowering religion on earth. It is a path that teaches its followers to be fearless, dedicated, focused, strong, assertive, self-controlled, virtuous, self-reliant, and to strive for excellence in all endeavors. Among all religions of the world, Hindu religion is considered as an ancient religion that is recognized as the foundation of civilization and as the most liberal democratic way of life. Hinduism & Buddhism are the identities & cultural assets of Nepal.

    I have researched the boundaries of Nepal and India on Hindu land. Please read the fact-we have two pious Hindu countries in the world- Himabatkhanda and Bharatkhanda, Kailash-Mansarowar to Hinda-Mahasagar is the original place of Hindus and Hinduism. The Bramhaputra in east, Hindukush in west, north Kailash-Mansarowar and the south Ganga River is the boundary of Himabatkhanda (Nepal) and Ganga to Hinda-Mahasagar is Bharatkhanda (India). Kailash-Mansarowar is the pious land of the lord Shiva. Hindu Kush (Hindu’s land) shows that two major kingdoms of Gandhaar & Vaahic Pradesh (Balkh of Bactria) had their borders extending far beyond the Hindu Kush. Legend has it that the kingdom of Gandhaar was established by Taksha, grandson of Bharat of Ayodhya. Gandhaar’s borders extended from Takshashila to Tashkent in the present day Uzbekistan. In the later period, Mahabharat relates Gaandhaari as a princess of Gandhaar and her brother, Shakuni as a prince and later as Gandhaar’s ruler.

    A Scholor V.S. Sardesai writes- ”Hindu” does not come from Sindhu’. The country lying between the Himalayan mountain and Bindu Sarovara (Cape Comorin sea) is known as Hindustan by combination of the first letter ‘hi’ of ‘Himalaya’ and the last compound letter ‘ndu’ of the word ‘Bindu.’ The historian Yogi Naraharinath also has written- ‘Himalaya, Him’ indicates ‘Hindu.’ Hindu religion is the world’s most liberal and tolerant religion. Despite being a Hindu country, Nepal is the most liberal and tolerant non-secular country in the world. The philosophy of Hinduism is guided as- “to refrain from all evils, to do what is good and to purify the mind”. High thinking & Simple living is the way of Hindus. In Sanskrit, Hindu means ‘Hi’= Sun, ‘Indu’= moon. Nepalese national flag is also decorated by Sun and Moon. The triangular flag with the Sun and Moon is based on the principles of Hinduism. The national flag of Nepal has its own identity and recognition in the world. The Nepalese flag is very inclusive and represents to all the castes and tribes insisting the nature. The flag of Nepal is the symbol of unity in diversity.

    Himwatkhanda-Nepal and Bharatkhanda-India were the two nations that bore civilized pattern of human lifestyle. Vedic-Hindu ideology, culture and civilization were spread all over the world from these two nations. The Vedic Rishi (Hindu ascetic saint) walked thousands of miles to spread the knowledge of Hindu civilization and systematic life style. Rishi used to say ‘Kriwanto Bishwomaryam’ meaning ‘lets make the world civilized’.
    The world has bestowed high importance on the civilization resonant in Himwatkhanda Nepal and India. Countries around the world adopted the social structure and values of the two nations. In terms of the gestation of civilization Himwatkhanda Nepal and India both have uniformity which goes back to the ancient times.

    Respected Mr. Sharma jee! I request to analyze the history of ‘Hindustan.’ The people of Nepal and India always have cordial relations due to the cultural and religious resemblance. They should know that if instability persists in Nepal, it could be a bastion of terrorism posing a threat to the whole world. When present India (Hindustan) was not in existence, there were more than 25 nations-at that time, India was not called ‘Hindustan’, 250 years ago, the great King Prithvi Narayan Shah expressed –”Nepal is true Hindustan.”

    A Scholor V.S. Sardesai writes- ”Hindu” does not come from Sindhu’. The country lying between the Himalayan mountain and Bindu Sarovara (Cape Comorin sea) is known as Hindusthan by combination of the first letter ‘hi’ of ‘Himalaya’ and the last compound letter ‘ndu’ of the word ‘Bindu.’ The historian Yogi Naraharinath also has written- ‘Himalaya, Him’ indicates ‘Hindu.’ Hindu religion is the world’s most liberal and tolerant religion. Despite being a Hindu country, Nepal is the most liberal and tolerant non-secular country in the world. The philosophy of Hinduism is guided as- “to refrain from all evils, to do what is good and to purify the mind”. High thinking & Simple living is the way of Hindus.

    Yes! in India 80 per cent of the population is Hindu. During the 1000 years of Muslim and English rule the Hindu shrines were destroyed and vandalized; and India desecrated and Hindu values harmed. India became Independent in 1947 after a great struggle by Indian nationalists. The constitution of the independent India declared itself ‘secular’. A secular India was established following a joint effort between Hindu, Muslim and Christian’s to draft a new constitution. It is not possible now to declare India a Hindu nation. It is not possible constitutionally. India should have been a Hindu nation from 1947. But Mahatma Gandhi, Jawaharlal Nehru and other leaders wanted secular system to create the harmonious among all the religions. Then, the secular tradition has established.

    But during the last decade, when Congress (I) was in power, Sonia Gandhi- the widow of Rajiv Gandhi forgot the norms of secular system and its tradition. It was a matter of grief that during Congress (I) rule Hindus became second class citizens in India. The all Indian administrative system, the intelligence and even the cabinet all became the tools of Christian. Prime Minister Manmohan Singh was only a puppet. The remaining pride of Hindus of ‘Bharatbarsha’ was at risk during the dark period of Sonia Gandhi. Due to the corrupt regime, the people of India became furious and they supported the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP).

    Since May 2014, the BJP in power, and the BJP Govt. must reconstruct the Hindu shrines, temples and Dhams and have to inform the world the glory of Hindu religion being a secular country. Muslim and Christian’s right to live freely with their respective, they must feel respected in India. But the Hindu religion should be in top priority and there should be punished if anyone persuades others to change their religion. The Hindu nationalist party-BJP will be revered as a great party if it succeeds in persuading the Indian government. Nepal & India should focus- the constructive role on Hinduism restoring the only one Hindu kingdom as one epitome in the world.

    The Nepalese monarchs never opposed India and the kings were and are not anti-India. The fact is that the Nepalese monarchs held special right for carrying out ritualistic worship in many Hindu shrines and temples in India. Some intellectuals in India bypassed this fact and instigated anti-Nepal activities. This increased anti-Indian sentiment in Nepal. It is true that Nepali monarchs did not support Congress (I)’s anti-Nepal activities and nefarious conspiracies against Nepal. Nepali monarchs are always supportive of Hindu status in Nepal and India. So, the Indian PM, the leader of BJP- Modi must have a clear stance regarding Nepal’s royal institution and Hindu status. If PM Modi is free of conspiracies being hatched against Nepal he will win the hearts of Nepali people and all the Hindus in all over the world. Nepali people will not be influenced by sweet speeches and rhetoric. There cannot be cordial Nepal-India relations until India respects Nepal’s foundational pillars- the monarchy and Hindu Kingdom.

    We are confident that Modi led government will play a constructive and diplomatic role proposing world Hindu existence as a model ‘Nepal the only Hindu kingdom in all over the world’ where constitutional monarchy and Hindu status should be retained. Then only Nepal and India can enjoy cordial and lasting relations.

    Namaste from Kathmandu!

    Dirgha Raj Prasai
    Kathmandu
    Former Member of Parliament two times in Nepal
    Political and Cultural analyst
    Email:dirgharajprasai@gmail.com

  6. Dear Shri Dirgha Raj Prasai ji,

    I am overwhelmed with your large heartedness in showering praise for me though I never claim myself to be scholar of any consequence. What I have written is actually used to be within the common knowledge of our previous generation.

    Your write up is more informative and therefore I am not only putting the comments on the blog site but I am also posting your letter on my face book portal for larger circulation to the youth. They may also know about the roots of India and Nepal.

    It was very unfortunate that during UPA government’s time Indo Nepal relations went dormant and Nepal was ruled by Maoists and turned out to be a ‘secular-communist’ country. I am optimistic about the future and convinced that one day Nepal will live up as a Hindu country closely linked with India. Prime Minister Narendra Modi has taken right steps to accord priority to the brotherly relations between India and Nepal Much of our common History will be found in India Nepal and Tibet.

    With best wishes and regards,
    Chand K Sharma
    Atlanta ( US)
    August 25, 2014

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