Long before Aristotle and European exponents propounded their Political theories about Governance and Management, Santana Dharma in India had already conceptualized a comprehensive blue print of System at work in the entire Universe. It can still serve as text-book for our modern political thinkers and management gurus because division of various departments, work responsibility, job descriptions of various functionary deities and infrastructure available to them have remained all the same for Governments all over the world till date. Only nomenclature and gadgets have been added because of developments in Science and Technology.
Similar to Hinduism, Pagan mythologies all over the world also have followed the same concept and pattern of Celestial Government to explain functioning natural phenomena. In every mythology there are angels and subordinate gods to execute the commands of the Supreme God. Only the names of angels, subordinates, assignments and physical descriptions have been varied to suit local environment. In every mythology, Satanic forces are constantly working against the Supreme God. Humans are always in the crossfire of Good and the Evil.
There are subtle variations also. While in other scriptures, God is dependent on few messengers, relatives or representatives to get His commands executed, in Hinduism there is an array of 33 crore subordinate gods to manage the Universe. All of them are identified with the Planets of our solar system and elements of ecology in our environment. In other scriptures the messengers are seen making to and fro movements on the planet earth only, while the system under Hindu concept is applicable to entire cosmos already discovered or yet to be discovered. The Systems of Celestial Government work faster than modern telecommunications are at work today. Hindu visualization of the management of the Universe can be easily compared with contemporary governments as well as organizations in corporate sector.
The capital of Universe or Head Office of the Government is located in Swarga Loka, (Heaven), at Amravati.
Indra – Indra is the Chief of Devas (subordinate gods), and the master of Heavens. He is The ‘Viceroy’ of Supreme God, since the Almighty does not interfere in the day-to-day administration of Universe. As Head of the Celestial Government, Indra applies all the tools and tactics of modern governance that CIA and KGB devised later and apply even today. Indra does not shy away even from the use of all kinds of powers and allurements, including the use of wine, wealth of boons and women, to achieve his objectives as well as to ensure the security of heavens. Since nothing moves without power is a scientific principle, Indra holds all the sources of power under his personal charge. Thus he is the god of Thunder, Rain and Lightning. His main weapon is Vajra but in addition he has several other powerful weapons that he continues bestowing to his vassals and confidants. He deals appropriately with the learned Rishies and also with the wicked. His life style and actions match the Chief Executive of any global corporation of modern times. He rides the costliest vehicle, the proverbial white elephant named Airawat, and lives in riches and luxuries one could imagine even today. It is essential quality of every ruler and CEO to possess finer tastes. Thus Indra is all the time surrounded with supreme luxuries, beautiful Apasras and Gandharvas (artists) who are exponents of music and dance and are ever ready to be deployed at shortest notice to entertain or seduce the targets. Indira’s wife Shachi is a well versed, beautiful and a model of an accomplished spouse of evry top man in every respect.
Agni – Fire god is next to Indra. Therefore, like taxes, all sacrifices made to gods reach their destination through Agni. He represents the power that digests the food and is present in every living being. In art Agni is represented red and two-faced, suggesting his destructive and beneficent properties. Scientifically, every object changes its appearance when processed through fire. Agni is always sought as a witness in all rituals since Agni maintains a constant shape throughout irrespective of the combustion material used. Other materials like Water and Wind many times change their form under different conditions.
Surya (Sun) –The Sun at the center point of our solar system is the visible deity for us. There are several Suns in universe but the Surya of our solar system is representative of all. Sun god is regulating almost everything that affects life on our planet. In the larger context, Sun is also the time-keeper of respective solar systems as well.
Vayu (Wind) – No life is possible in vacuum without Vayu alias Pawan Deva or Maruta. Wind helps the Jada kind of life also to regenerate and is running the most essential service for all living beings. He is present in every living being.
Varuna (Water) – He is the master of water, another essential commodity in the Universe. Varuna stores reserve stocks of water in the form of ice. With the help of Sun and Wind he transforms water into clouds and gets the same transported periodically all over the globe. Such a stupendous job if contracted today would involve millions of tankers, workforce and unimaginable infrastructure. Like wind, he is present in every living being.
Yama – He is the god of Death. He manages the department of recycling in the Universe. Without Yamaraj life would be miserable on earth. If Death was not there Chingez Khan, Babur, Aurangzeb, Nadir Shah and many of the past characters would have been around us.
Kuber – Kuber, with his headquarters at Alkapuri, is the god of wealth. He bears the image of present day’s money-lender and finance advisers. The difference lies in the fact that Kuber is always a giver and never takes anything in return. Thus no financer in the world can afford to be as large-hearted as Kuber.
Mitra – In worldly affairs Mitra appears as the god of honesty, friendship, and contracts, a fore runner of Public Relation Administration ever ready to say ‘may I help you’.
Kama – Kama Deva is the god of love, and is comparable to the designation of Director of Generation. Without him no life can be perceived in this Universe. With wife Rati the couple can surpass all the fantasies of modern generation. His body was said to have been destroyed by Shiva’s wrath to suggest that existence of Kama impulse in body of all living beings is only a mental state. In comparison to other mythologies, one fails to understand the depiction of cupid as a child carrying a bow and flowery arrow doing pranks here and there to inspire ‘saints’ like Valentine!
Aditi (limitless) – She is a goddess of consciousness, the past, the future and fertility.
Dharamraj and Chitragupta – They are the record Keepers of Brahma the creator, and Yama, the god of Death. Their primary role is to compile various inputs concerning all living beings and coordinate the activities between Birth Office, Death Cell, and managing boarding and lodging activities in Heaven and Hell as per the standing instructions of the Almighty.
All the attributes associated with the gallery of gods are Vedic gods and can be rationalized separately in detail, but here only a glimpse of portfolios has been mentioned for the sake of brevity. The Organizational Structure has been depicted in out line. Whereas Non-Hindu scriptures depict God Almighty relying upon his only son, or only representative as agents to influence favors or punishments for believers and non believers on the date of Judgment, according to Hindu concept a transparent system is continuously at work, totally free from any intermediate The concept of management visualized thousands of years ago contains all the elements of Modern Organization consistently working at optimal level.
Although Britain claims to be the mother of Democracy in the world, yet women were granted voting rights in 1932. The condition of women in Islamic world is an open secret. In contrast importance of women in Hindu mythology has never been over looked. It also underlines the division of responsibilities and complimentary status of males and females. The power of granting boons and curses is equally available to the spouse of gods and they are more or less on equal footing. The gods do respect their wives and are never alone. Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva are married to goddesses Sarsawati (Knowledge), Lakshami (wealth) and Durga (Power) respectively. The pairing of godly spouses is based on rationality. Creativity requires knowledge, preservation requires material wealth and destruction requires physical force. Accordingly Brahma the Creator is wedded to Sarsawati, Preserver Vishnu is married to Lakshami and Shiva, the destroyer has Shakti Durga as his consort. The positive and negative aspects of knowledge, wealth and Power are depicted by the flowers and weapons carried by the goddesses. Knowledge, Wealth and Power are to be acquired through efforts by men. Unless preserved and used these can be usurped easily by others. Vedic verses assigned to various gods and goddesses contently explain their physical attributes characteristics, properties and functions.
Other prominent Celestial Beings
There are many ever-living characters described in Hindu scriptures. Each one represents some trait or attribute. It is the greatness of Hindu Religion that animals and plants have also been given due importance. Some other ever-living mythological heroes are:-
Ganesha is the god of Wisdom. As wisdom is a pre-requisite for every action, Ganesha is worshiped first in every prayer, to ward off as hurdles in every activity. His blessings are invoked by reciting Ganesha’s mantras before every auspicious work is begun. Ganesha has a human body, an elephant’s head and a mouse as His vehicle. Riding on a mouse, one of nature’s smallest creatures and having the head of an elephant, the biggest of all animals, denotes that Ganesha is the creator of all creatures. It also denotes the process of evolution.
Kartikeya is the god of masculinity and war and commander-in-chief of the armies of the gods. He rides a peacock.
Narada Rishi is the Sage of the gods and is ever-living. He moves about in the three worlds and can be rightly called as the patron predecessor of media-men and a fore-runner of moving data bank. He is supposed to know everything that is happening at any place to keep the Almighty informed. He can appear at any place and at any time. It is very unfortunate that he is often sarcastically depicted as a comic character in films and literature. Hindus possess a sharp sense of humor even to laugh at oneself. No media person ever reached the excellence in performance anywhere close to Narda Rishi. He is also founding father of musical school of thought and an expert Veena player.
Hanuman is the living embodiment of an ideal selfless worker, and a true Karma Yogi (Man of Action). He lived to serve Sri Rama. He was humble, brave, and wise and possessed all the divine virtues. He never boasted of his bravery and intelligence. He is also regarded as founding father of another school of music, besides known for his wisdom, diplomacy and physical power. He is the patron deity of all wrestlers. He is credited to have earned and bestowing eight capabilities (Siddhies) which are Anima (to become invisible), Laghima( size reduction), Garima (size expansion), Prapti ( acquiring some thing), Prakmaya (accomplishing desired action), Mahima( fame), Ishvtva (god like power) and Vashitva ( ability to control others). Apparently those may sound exaggeration but today any ordinary person can feel Anima, Laghima, Garima through touch screen computers and animation techniques. Hanuman never boasted about his achievements and was always humble.
The Hindu mythology developed side by side of abstract philosophy as a training aid for visualization of the concept. It was continuously updated to keep pace with the developing thought process. Source of Hindu mythology can be traced in Vedic, Puranic and Epic literature. Hindu Mythology is the most fascinating animation of various personified traits. It is a blend of rich imagination and reality.
Chand K Sharma
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