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Splashes – 72/72 – Hindus to be Assertive

We are a rare case in the world that the descendants of a grand civilization and religion were kept enslaved for over thousand years by a handful of invaders who were primitive, uncivilized and spiritually perverse. The unfortunate part is that we remained at the mercy of a lady of Italian origin having little knowledge of English ruled over us but on the basis of her family connection some selfish and corrupt Indian sycophants!

Helplessly, we begged her government for preservation of our culture and the safety of our lives.  What really has been wrong with us? Perhaps over spiritualism and idealism have blocked our arteries, and have paralyzed our minds. We are helplessly awaiting someone to emerge and rescue us, while the remedy is with us to empower ourselves through Purushartha of ballot.

We shut eyes to Environment

Our Dharma Gurus – They remain busy lecturing spirituality devoid of activism. They have amassed properties for themselves and their family clans. Most of them are shy of karma yoga and have turned secular to attract more followers from global market. They are scared of calling a spade a spade, even if that happened to be truth.

Our Educated Ladies – The off springs of Durga, Lakshmi and Saraswati, lack courage, ability and aspiration to replace the Italian born from extra constitutional authority. On the contrary some of them are begging reservation to enter legislative forums in India. They aim to compete with men in and out rather managing their homes, future generation, heritage, culture and resources.

Our Youths – They are turning helpless and hopeless due to over competitive environment contaminated with reservations. To escape realities they flock around a popped up Pappu icon from the same family to offer him Prime Minister of the country. Some of them want to run away further towards greener pastures abroad for better living rather cleaning and reclaiming on home.

Our Spiritual leaders – They are the worst of all. They remain busy segmenting Hindu society to carve a commercial niche for them. They keep mum in the face of illegal activities.

The stark fact is that we have not learnt anything from our history, spiritualism and lofty idealism.

The Gifts from God

Every person inherits his parentage, name, family, caste, blood relations, country and Religion at the time of birth. There was no choice as it came from Him. The package consisted of fond memories of ancestors, their beliefs, customs and traditions; all branded and packed in to the bundle of religion.

These are the possessions we use most of the time in our life daily as our personal identity. Subsequent circumstances may force an individual to adopt a new nationality but the link with ancestors is continued through the religion even after death. Religion is a strong bondage that establishes and regulates the relationship of persons living, dead, and those to follow. Thus, whatever was bestowed upon us by birth should be respected as a duty having been assigned to us by God Almighty.

Substance of Hindu Dharma

The substance of spirituality and the real Dharma of the individual is to love our country, parents, family, and society; and live by the laws of environment. Real Moksha comes through discharging ones duties without expecting anything in return. Hinduism has taken every one into its fold. All those living in India are Hindus provided they live within the constraints of Indian environment, customs and traditions established by indigenous ancestors.

Competition and animosity between religions occur when some religion usurped the area of another religion. The relevancy of every religion is to be assessed with reference to its place of origin. Hindus have no objection if any other religion followed some different practices, in their respective homelands. But once other religions overstep their boundaries to clash with local religion clashes are bound to result. With reference to India, Islam and Christianity are religions of alien environment pitted against Hinduism.

Blinded towards realities

It is not a shame that on the slightest sign of danger Hindus start crying aloud in India for their neighbor to help. They have individually given up Karma Yoga that other nations learnt from Hindus. Today all Hindu activities converge for a peaceful life to sit and relax under the umbrella of escapism and watch amusement on TV.

Do we ever retrospect? If outsiders have the courage to start Jihad far from their home land why Hindus could not reciprocate by counter Jihad? Why Hindus have failed to match the violence of the outsiders? Why handfuls of outsiders have taken Hindu mobs as soft targets? Biologically Hindus are not deficient in any way except unity, courage, initiative and motivation.  Aren’t Hindus passively inviting others to enslave them again? If this is the condition of Hindus even in a democratic set up, where they are having option of electing the government after every five years, what will be their plight if they are again to be ruled by some autocrat bigot non-Hindu ruler? Where will they run for safe shelter?

Excess of everything is bad

The doctrines of Non-Violence and Idealism have taken the shape of cowardice and escapism to block our arteries. We have lost direction and sense and keep moving in any direction led by unscrupulous politicians. We are simply relying on certain families that are capable of producing leadership to govern us. Seldom are we conscious that the remedy lies in our hand in the form of a ballot paper that we carelessly throw towards unworthy politicians to boss over us.

Israel is small country as compared to India, but has the will and capability to punish the terrorists. In contrast, why we continue getting beatings on our homeland every time and wait for the other countries to react? Our cowardly leaders have been carrying bags of evidence to other countries to prove their innocence and return unsuccessfully from foreign jaunts to advice restraint to own countrymen. Their assurances sound hollow when fresh terrorist attacks shake us from slumber. We don’t we kick such leaders out of power when ballet power is right in our hand? We have to choose and act between living a respectably safe life in India or hand over the home land to others.

The Law of Nature

Our religion is a bridge to connect past, present and future. Anyone who resides in India and lived his life according to Indian environment is a Hindu provided he let others also live and took pride in Indian ancestral lineage, traditions and customs. Anyone who disregarded this fundamental code should not have any place to stand on Indian soil.

Hindus need to be Assertive

Hindus have to proclaim aloud. We are Hindus first and last and have pride in saying so. We need to emulate Krishna, Chankya, Shivaji and Guru Gobind Singh. They were neither revengeful nor fanatics but down to earth karmayogies.

In every country, law provides every individual to abate the nuisance being caused to his person.  Abatement of nuisance is a legal right of every individual unless the practice has been established as a tradition. Thus the problem should be nipped in the bud before it is established as a tradition. Use of force is also considered lawful if circumstances justify.

What prevents Hindu society to apprehend missionaries indulging in conversions and handing them over to police? What prevents Hindu action groups to prosecute such Evangelist? Why can’t Hindus from habitat protection teams to apprehend terrorist and mischief mongers. Likewise, if some painting or similar object is injurious to Hindu feelings what prevents Hindu youths to snatch the same from the culprit and assign it to flames.

All places of worship and public utilities should be guarded by armed guards called Sevadars. They must be equipped with weaponry and communication owned by terrorists. They should be trained to provide protection to the place and inmates till arrival of security personnel and should be trained adequately.

Somehow Hindus have to get down to brainstorming sessions at street level and even their drawing rooms to educate their younger generations. Hindus have to re-build their self-confidence and esteem. Hindus have to eradicate local short falls, and assert themselves. No one should be allowed to snatch their home land under the grab of secularism. Towards this end every temple should be restored to its ancient status as a community center for Karama yoga.

Brain-storming on Karamayoga

The crux of the problem is that Hindus have ceased to be assertive. Instead of Karma Yoga, Hindus are living under the spell of escapism falsely disguised as spiritualism and Gandhian philosophy. Hindus have to learn that nationality may change, but if they are extinct as Hindus then Hinduism will be finished from India.

Like Arjuna, Hindus have to focus on bird’s eye for the time being.  They have to work individually and collectively to make India a Hindu country, governed by Hindu government. Everything else is of secondary importance. Hinduism is truly secular in concept and enshrines the golden principle of Vasudeva Kuttambkum. There is no greater spiritualism anywhere than the Karmayoga of Geeta. We have to save and clean our homeland. Thus every Hindu has to resolve to change the system with the strength of his ballot. Let the splashes from every individual turn into tidal waves to sweep the dirt and dangers threatening Hinduism.

Last Word

This brings us to the end of the stroll along the beach to get the feel of Splashes from Hindu Maha Sagar. The information passed was introductory and elementary in substance. There are many more splashes and waves in the depth of the ocean of Hinduism to be explored by those who may have time, motivation and enthusiasm. With every dive one is likely to discover more and more intellectual wealth.

Chand K Sharma

 

 

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Splashes– 60/72 – Destruction of Hindu Identities

Islam got entrenched in India due to multiple reasons. The most prominent of all were federalism, local treachery, lack of aggressive spirit and outdated military tactics. Almost every Hindu feudal ruler looked towards other side when his neighbor was under attack. Many often someone close to the Hindu ruler was won over by Muslims to defect and sabotage. Hindu warriors did not resort to offensive action even when situation was favorable. They remained defensive and allowed the invader to choose his time and direction of attack. Instead of offering wider frontage, Hindus would assemble at one place and let the invader launch a concentrated attack. Hindus lacked mobility, shrewdness to anticipate enemy moves while Muslims were cunning and did not shy from adopting ruthless and deceitfulness means. Hindus lacked initiative and did not learn from their defeat after defeat and repeated same mistakes. Prithviraj Chauhan and later several Rajputs were the victims of outdated military tactics despite their individual valor.  Thus Hindu paid heavily for their own neglect and are continuing in the same fashion.

Enslaving of Hindus

Apart from actual killing on the battlefield, millions of Hindus disappeared by way of enslavement. Slave markets in Baghdad and Samarkand were flooded with Hindus. Many of the slaves died of hardship. The mountain range Hindu Koh, (Indian mountain), was re-named Hindu Kush, (Hindu-killer), when on a cold night a hundred thousand Hindu captives died during transportation to Central Asia by Timur. Slaves were always subjected to inhuman treatment such as whipping, amputation of limbs, sexual assault and whatever else the master could think of. Their life had no meaning. They were subjected to ill-treatment till they died or converted to Islam. Because of conversions the numbers of Muslim community swelled.

Destruction of Temples

Many prominent Hindu temples were desecrated and destroyed. Somnath temple on the coast of Gujarat was plundered and destroyed. The Vishnu temple was replaced with the Alamgir mosque at Benares, and The Treta-Ka-Thakur (Lord Rama) temple in Ayodhya was demolished and Babri Masjid was erected on its debris. This is just to mention the few, as about over 63000 temples all over India were destroyed, or converted in to mosques. Many Hindu buildings like Dhruva Stambha at Mehroli (Delhi) and Tajo Mahalya at Agra were usurped and converted to Muslim monuments. Today every ancient site of temple is either fully usurped by some Islamic shrine or is being shared by Muslim encroachment.

Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb (1658-1707) topped the list. The number of temples destroyed under his orders is counted in four figures.  He ordered all temples destroyed such as the Kashi Vishvanath that was one of the most sacred temples, and a center of Hindu learning. He had mosques built on a number of cleared temples sites. All other Hindu sacred places within his reach also suffered destruction, and mosques were built upon them. Krishna’s birth temple in Mathura was desecrated by cow slaughter and a mosque was built over it. Aurangzeb did not stop at destroying temples; the worshippers  were also wiped-out. He had his own brother, Dara Shikoh, beheaded for showing little interest in Hindu religion.

Islamic Conversion of India  

Islamic Conversion of India continued for eight centuries as under:-

Language – Sanskrit went out of use. Arabic and Persian came to dominate royal court. After some competition between the two, Persian replaced Arabic but most of the converted could not grasp the same. Thus a new language emerged by the name of Hindvi. That was a mixture of Persian and some Sanskrit words. Muslims wrote Hindvi in Persian script and called that Urdu, while Hindus used Devnagri script and called that language Hindi. Urdu derived its vocabulary from Persian and Arabic, while Hindi had her foundation in Sanskrit.

Places and Palaces – Ancient cities were renamed. Prayag and Ayodhya were made Allahabad and Faizabad. From the booty taken from Temples and Jazia Tax, Muslim rulers maintained large harems, built mosques and tombs for their dead. The ‘great builder’ Shahjehan kept more than seven hundred concubines, and emptied his coffers in building palaces for himself, including the Taj Mahal, a mausoleum, built for the burial of his wife, who had died far away long ago. On the basis of records made in ‘Badshahnama’, the official chronicle of Shahjehan, and other archeological evidence, Taj Mahal is now suspected to be a Hindu building ‘Tajo Mahalya’, which had been allegedly usurped by the Emperor from one of his Hindu nobles Mirza Raja Jai Singh.

Conversions – Many Hindu family names can be found in India among Muslim families. Some prominent surnames are Suri, Bakshi, Malik, and Desai. Those were basically Hindus that converted to Islam in the past. There is no case where any Muslims was converted to Hindu faith. Hindus maintained that one had to be a Hindu by birth. Thus conversions were never sought.

But Hindu identity withstood

Although Muslim rulers changed the identity of cities and places but they failed to obliterate the identity of the country. India remained to be the land of Hindus. Every Muslim ruler called the country as Hindustan and preferred to be addressed as Shahansha -e – Hind or Sultan –e- Mumalkat-e- Hindostan. Many of the Muslim Emperors extended their rule up to Afghanistan, but they could not shift their capital out of India or merged India with Afghanistan.

This aspect is pertinent that India’s identity remained tied with Hindus only. Muslims tried hard to make India Muslim dominated but India continued to be Hindustan till 1947. They were Muslims when compared to Hindus but when compared to outsiders they remained owners of Hindustan.

Hindu Survival Adaptations

The Hindu adaptations for survival were necessity-dependent. They had to survive under nearly impossible conditions to save Hindu girls from Muslim loot, raid, plunder, and rape, among other things.

  • Some Hindu texts escaped destruction as the same went underground, like Bhrigu Samhita. It was a compendium of all possible horoscopes to correctly predict the life events of every individual, provided, the sheet matching the time and place of birth of the individual could be traced within the bunch. The book is still available in parts with certain families practicing astrology in North India.
  • As an escape route from depression and humiliation, Brahmins, saints and poets devoted themselves to Hindu deities instead of being called the slaves of Muslims. They suffixed their name with ‘daas’ of their chosen deity such as Ram Dass, Krishna Dass or something like that.
  • From the practice of ‘Karamyoga’ they turned to ‘Bhaktiyoga’ to find some solace, while they lived in an environment polluted by insecurity, insult and fear.
  • Some sought spiritual guidance from humanized gods like Rama and Krishna; while others like Sant Kabir and Guru Nanak sought salvation in abstract from of God, and vainly tried for Hindu Muslim synthesis. Subsequently such individualized sects expanded and carved their own distinct identifying rituals. Primarily, they were Hindu initiatives for rapprochement, and have remained so. However they could not bring any change in absolutely fundamentalist Islamic mindset.

Hindus had to pay terrible price in order to survive. Although many Hindus rulers individually continued their military struggle to resist Muslim rule but collectively due to the selfishness of traitors among them, they failed to forge any united resistance.

Record of Births and Dead

Brahmins confined their activities and affiliated themselves to certain geographical areas. They maintained records of births, deaths and other events in respect of their client families at pilgrim centers at Haridwar, Varanasi, Ujjain and Nashik.  Even today any Hindu can approach such places to trace out the names of their ancestors and allied records more than five generations backward, provided ancestors had visited the pilgrim center during their life span and had updated the data. Fortunately, at certain places those records are now being computerized. Unfortunately the younger generation is unaware of it and patronage is lacking.

Chand K Sharma

(Next: Splashes – 61/72 – Hindu Resistance to Islam)

Splashes – 52/72 – Indian Achievements Under-rated

Till middle of first millennium India had made trail blazing discoveries in every field of knowledge. Indians had pioneered comprehensive texts on all the branches of Science and Arts. Hindus were the most developed, prosperous, civilized and powerful Nation on globe, while other countries and faiths had yet to make some start.

Due to vested interests India’s contribution to the world of science are under-rated, negated, distorted and twisted to such an extent that many are used to believe that Indians did not contribute to the field of original sciences. The chronology of Indian history has also been demoted by 1200 years in a planned way by vested interests.

So called intellectuals think that modern civilization is a product of Judo-Christian tradition. As a benefit of that, imperialist countries of West are having a monopolist hold over the world knowledge. Anything that contradicts their thought is branded blind faith, orthodoxy and fantasy.

The facts are contrary to that. Modern philosophy and science are the contribution of Hinduism whereas Christianity did everything to suppress and destroy the achievements of ancient who did not echo their theological thought. Our ‘modern Hindus’ are fooled to believe with their mouth wide opened in appreciation of Europeans’.

India Shined when Europe Slept

While India was known all over the world for its wealth and knowledge, historical facts confirm that up to fifteenth century, Europe was in the ‘Dark Age.’ This fact is now openly agreed by European historians. There was no knowledge like mathematics, science, and medicine in Europe.

There was some enlightenment in Greece. Turks invaded Greece and their intellectuals fled to Italy and later reached England along with few books on ‘knowledge. This event is called the ‘first awakening of Europe’. Even that much was also through import of knowledge from India during sixth century BC.

The re-appearance of this knowledge in the 16th century is called ‘the age of Renaissance’. It was only thereafter that European explorers desperately raced to locate and reach India.

Co-relating History

We need to co-relate certain historical facts relevant to the loot and destruction of Hindu knowledge bank.  The period under reference extending fourteen hundred years onward were called ‘dark ages’ by the Europeans in their own history. In India Hinduism had lived to flourish as a system to promote ‘Live and let live’ part of Dharma, within their peaceful environment. The ‘environment’ was the outcome of economic progress, social practices, acquisition of knowledge, and political stability. Developments in one field affected the other fields also.

During that period, apart from India, only Greece, Rome, Egypt, Mesopotamia and China were counted as developed countries.  In rest of the world people still lived in primitive kind of settlements.

The First Awakening

India had been the birthplace of science over ages. Takshashila University was a great center of learning where students from Iran and further west came to study. In the first millennium BC, Iran could be considered an expansion of Indian culture and civilization. Turkey was known as Asia Minor and was a meeting ground between Greeks and Iranians.  Islam had not been founded then, thus people who lived in Turkey were not Muslims.

Effect of Upanishads

Iran was located on the crossroads of Europe and Asia. Being located on the route of migration, Iran was a mixture of many ethnic groups. Over the centuries its borders have changed frequently. Sometimes Iran was a mighty empire and ruled over lands as far apart as Egypt and India. At other times, foreign invaders ruled over Iran. Around 1500 BC groups of people began migrating into Iran from North. They were sometimes called Indo-Europeans and sometimes called Aryans.

Those days Mecca was a center of International trade and also a religious center.  Arabs gathered there once a year to worship at a black stone (Shiva Linga) which they believed had fallen from paradise.

Monotheism of Upanishads literature had reached a full development in India. It had influenced Zoroastrianism, Judaism, and also Akhenaton of Egypt (1350 BC). Zoroaster lived in eastern Persia during fifth century BC, close to India. His belief to wage war on evil and struggle between good and bad, light and darkness is Indian in origin and influenced by Upanishads.  The religions in Middle East based on the principle of monotheism had their ethical origins from Hinduism.

Mithraism was Vedic Concept

Mithraism was another branch of Vedic religion, which spread widely over Iran, South Europe and Egypt. The birthday of Mithra, a Vedic Sun God, used to be celebrated on 25th December since after this Sun entered Northern Hemisphere. This day was later adapted by the Christians as the date of birth of Christ.

Influence of Hindus concepts

During third century BC, a sizable community of Indian traders lived at Alexandria in Egypt. Besides traders, Vedic and Buddhist monks also traveled the area that is now known as ‘Middle East’. Thus Indian beliefs, philosophy, science, and customs had already traveled beyond ‘Middle East’ before the rise of Christianity and Islam. Many of the modern scientific, philosophical and political theories inspired by Hindu concepts had also found their way to Europe through Middle East. Some of the Hindu concepts that influenced the world are mentioned as under:-

  • Earth is round – The concept of a round earth had never been disputed in India. Hindu mythology depicted Varah Avatar lifting the rounded earth on His tusks in many sculptures, and Buddhist icons depicted Lord Buddha as a lion fighting a dragon representing Ignorance, holding a round earth by its tai.
  • Theory of Relativity – Hinduism encouraged its followers to seek truth as a goal of life. It also recognized that different individuals under different circumstances may conceive truth differently. Thus Hinduism preached tolerance in difference of opinion as the first requirement for the growth of knowledge. The sages said that knowledge was relative.
  • Religious Freedom – Those who refuted the existence of God were also accepted within Hindu religion. The religion and belief were a matter of personal choice and could not be enforced by the family, society or the state. Clergy and priests did not exist in Hinduism in Western sense. Priests were to perform the rites only, when requested. Every individual visualized the Creator according to his choice and method.
  • Unified Field Theory- The theory of Brahman not only inspired the Theory of Relativity but also the unified field theory in Physics.
  • Law of cause and effect – Hinduism always considered Truth to be a subject of investigation, and not a matter of belief. It encouraged people to know and experience God, rather than to believe someone else having seen Him. The Universe has been regarded a complex system of causes and effects flowing in time.
  • Karma Theory –The doctrine of ‘Karma’ making people responsible for their acts and denial of the doctrine of divine will and fate was the first seeds of modern attitude and scientific temper. Because of this investigative temper, India was ahead of all other nations in modern thought, science and mathematics. In contrast, Jewish, Christianity and Islam were based on the faith that God identified by the founder of their faith alone was real and all others were false. The words of the God as revealed to their respective Prophets were final. Anything contradicting them had to be destroyed. That bred heresy hatred and intolerance.

Alexander the Great

This was approximately the period when Alexander the great invaded Afro Asian Countries. Alexander was a real military leader who was not greedy after gold alone. Wherever he conquered he did not destroy the local civilization.  If he saw some exotic bird, animal or book, he used to send the same to his teacher Aristotle in Athens.

Alexander met several learned persons and collected pieces of wisdom from them for his country. From his time the process of knowledge from East to West started. His campaign established links between Eastern and Western parts of the world. That is how flow of knowledge moved westward from India to Greece.

Chand K Sharma

(Next: Splashes – 53/72 – Shine of Indian Wisdom)

Splashes – 21/72 – Making of Universal Personality

Their curriculum of councilors and coaching institutes holding seminars and workshops for personality development helps the participants to mold in to vocational personalities only who can work in specific environment only. It does not make person capable to negotiate real life situations. Personality traits and work environment required for a doctor, soldier, butcher, or other professions shall vary in each case and the same cannot be easily swapped. Real life situations require multiple personality traits to suit impromptu situations also.

There is a need for developing an all-purpose human personality for which the development module should be capable to shape individuals to undertake multiple responsibilities under varying situations and environments. Hindu model meets this requirement effectively.

Motivation for Action

Abraham Maslow, a behavioral scientist had propagated ‘Need Theory’ to suggest that ‘needs’ motivated persons to work. His theory is cited by experts in the field of Human Resource Development. Maslow classified needs in to physiological needs and psychological needs. Physiological needs were graded lower and included food, sleep, security and other necessities required for sustaining life. Psychological needs were graded higher. These satisfied person’s ego within the group as individuals seek respect from others and often try to perform better than others. According to Maslow most humans worked only to satisfy physiological needs, and once those needs were satisfied, few worked to satisfy psychological needs.

Passions

However, Maslow did not clarify ‘why needs arose?’ But Hindu sages had identified five ‘passions’ that resided within every living being, that motivated individuals and animals to feel the need and consequently act to satisfy the same. The ‘passions’ identified are Lust (Kama), Anger (Krodha), Greed (Lobha), Infatuation (Moha) and Ego (Ahamkara) that create needs, and consequently motivated persons to act.

The effect of passions can be experimented individually. Whenever any of these passions (Lust, Anger, Greed, Infatuation and Ego) arises, a corresponding physical reaction is ignited automatically in the body and a need is arisen in the mind to be satisfied. The need could be rational or sinful. It is only at this stage onward, the action to satisfy the need is contemplated.

The effect of passions is not uniform on all individuals. It could be constructive or destructive. Passions not only motivate persons to act but also provide extra energy for the same. The extra energy is some time so strong that under the influence of passion individuals perform miraculous or most heinous acts that are not expected from them under normal circumstances.

For instance, when ego passion of a soldier gets inflated, he would display exemplary bravery to protect the honor of his person, caste, nation and flag even in the face of death. But if the ego passion is directed to negativity, the same person would kill someone in revenge for some trivial insult and land up in jail. Similarly a person under the influence of infatuation would donate his body organs to save the life of his loved one, but on the other hand do corruption to benefit his kith and kin. The effect of passions is directly related to the personality of the individual to decide his action.  Reaction will follow automatically.

Effectiveness of Personality

The effectiveness of every person lies in his ability to control his own passions, and that of others, constructively and prevent their negative effect. If the group leader can keep his own passions under control and can stimulate appropriate passions in the followers to coordinate his action plan he shall certainly succeed in achieving the goal.

Many times one or more passions get stuck to the identity of individuals. Some are proud, some are lustful and perverted. Some indulge in nepotism, and some are greedy. Some persons are habitual liars, quarrelsome while others are helpful, honest and kind by nature. There could be two or more passions affecting an individual simultaneously, in the same or opposite direction. Under such situation, the more intense passion will dominate the temperament and personality of the individual and motivate action. It is therefore necessary to control passions and channelize them in the right direction. If they are not controlled, they turn out to be harmful personality traits.

Controlling of Passions

The technique of controlling passions comes through Yamas, Niyamas and Sadhnas. Spiritual disciplines are called Sadhnas and involve continuously repeating the action till perfection is reached. Kama is controlled through Brahmacharya and pious thoughts; Anger is controlled by commitment to Non-Violance and by observing silence (Maun-Vrata). Greed can be overcome through contentment, temptation through detachment, and ego by submission, simplicity, and humbleness. Ignorance can be washed by self-study.

By constantly practicing Yama and Niyamas individuals can master self-control, and the one who can control his passions can also control the passions of others. In whichever direction parents orient, the child continues in the same direction. Practical training is imported by parents through conduct at home. There is no room for tensions to those, who practice Yama and Niyama.

Exercising Choice of Profession

Hindu sages have suggested that person should choose his profession according to aptitude. No work is low or high. Dignity of labor resided in the dedication and perfection of the doer. Discipline is not enforced.

The philosophy contained in Srimad Bhagvad Gita is most subtle and complete with reference to personality development. Sadhnas for personal development have been classified under four broad categories of four Yogas.

  • Karma Yoga is the path of Activism suited to the active type.
  • Bhakti Yoga is more suitable to the emotional type and to overcome frustrations in life.
  • Raja Yoga is the path of activism with calculated risks.
  • Gyana Yoga is ideal for those endowed with a sharp intellect and a keen power of discrimination.

The Middle Path is a balanced combination of all the Yogas, with more of one and less of others depending upon one’s temperament are desirable for quick results. The emphasis is on doing one’s duty and leaving the rewards to the Superior being is common to all.

Universal Application

The individual trained on this model shall be capable to give optimal performance in all environments. This fact already stands proved:

  • Indian students have been doing well at studies and in jobs all over world.
  • Indian soldiers participated in world wars and earned praise even under adverse conditions. This can be compared with others who had to evict themselves through safe passage, since they could not sustain without luxuries.
  • Indian drivers can drive even out dated vehicles anywhere and keep cool whereas foreign drivers cannot drive their user-friendly vehicles in India.

It is all in the mental state of the person that encouraged him to face challenges. Indian training has thus qualified under adverse circumstances. This is because Indian system emphasis on austerity, self-discipline, perfection and self-reliance in personal habits right from Gurukul stage.

On the contrary western module prepared individuals for specific jobs under specific environments, to compete with fellow beings and win against others. They end up as self-centered individuals. Their life is spent in defeating competitors.  They segment instead of uniting. This effect is clearly visible right from school to work places and in social life. The end result is frustrations and dejections. In sharp contrast, Hindu approach encourages individual to develop along with others not as competitor but as a colleague.

The syllabus of Human Development in Hinduism is not for short-term goals in work place, but it prepared an individual to negotiate every situation at any point in life. Concept of Moksha has much more to suggest than mere job satisfaction.  The development module prepared a person to be an integral part of environment and not merely a competitor against others. It offered a holiest approach.

Mere gaining of knowledge is not enough in life. One has to absorb knowledge in daily activities of life so that it turns into reflex actions. Knowing only that honesty and truth are good to be observed will not serve any purpose unless one absorbed this knowledge to reflect through thoughts, speech, and actions in public as well as in private life. Hindu philosophy prepares an individual to discharge his obligations, not only towards himself and his family, but also towards the society at large. He is constantly reminded of his obligations towards the environment also, in which he is dependent. Instead of competing with society, he is seeking oneness with all the constituents of the society.

Chand K Sharma

(Next: Splashes – 22 / 72 – Formation of Hindu Society)

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